The Agreement on Agriculture, also known as the AoA, is a comprehensive global trade agreement that was established in 1995. This agreement governs all aspects of agricultural trade, including tariffs, market access, and domestic support.
The AoA was negotiated under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and was one of the most significant achievements of the Uruguay Round of negotiations. The AoA aimed to reform and liberalize global agricultural trade, thereby creating a more level playing field for farmers and exporters around the world.
The AoA is a complex document that covers a range of issues related to agriculture. One of the key aspects of the agreement is the reduction of agricultural tariffs and the opening up of markets to foreign producers. The agreement requires WTO member countries to reduce their agricultural tariffs, with the aim of achieving significant reductions in trade barriers over time.
Another important aspect of the AoA is the reduction of domestic support for agricultural producers. The agreement aims to reduce the amount of money that governments provide to their domestic agricultural producers, thereby reducing the level of distortions in global agricultural trade.
In addition to these provisions, the AoA also covers a range of other issues related to agricultural trade, including sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barriers to trade, and dispute settlement mechanisms.
The text of the AoA is available in PDF format on the WTO website, along with a range of other related documents and resources. The PDF document is a comprehensive guide to the agreement, and provides detailed information about its provisions and implementation.
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In conclusion, the Agreement on Agriculture is an important global trade agreement that has played a significant role in shaping the global agricultural trade landscape. The PDF version of the agreement is an essential resource for anyone interested in understanding the provisions of the AoA and its implications for global agricultural trade.